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Collection M 211:

Fort Lewis Indian School
federal records inventory

Years this material was created: 1892-1916

Quantity: 1.75 linear shelf feet (in 4 document cases)
Arranged and described by Todd Ellison, Archivist (last revised July 2006).
Historical sketch by Olivia Everett, November, 2004.
 © 2004 by Fort Lewis College Foundation, Center of Southwest Studies account



Links to contents
Preface
Introduction, scope and contents
Historical note
Series descriptions

Related collections

Indian School employees list

Container list
Center of Southwest Studies collection inventories

Introduction/ Scope and contents

This collection contains selected historically significant federal U.S. documents among the Consolidated Ute records in Record Group 75 regarding the former Fort Lewis Indian School near Hesperus, Colorado.  Fort Lewis College photocopied these documents from originals which are held in Lakewood (near Denver, Colo.) by the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, Rocky Mountain Region. The records (more than two thousand photocopies) include of all of the legible contents of six 500-page letterpress copybooks of copies of outgoing correspondence from the Superintendent of the Fort Lewis Indian School, 1894-1905, and of two ledger volumes of details about employees of the school, 1892-1916, as well as a number of folders of copies of unbound documentThe data in these records documents the School's daily routines, buildings, materials, prices, student and employee conditions, Indian boarding school practices, race relations, and other topics.



Historical note

See also the Fort Lewis chronology web page.

The Indian School at Fort Lewis

Soon after Fort Lewis was immobilized as a U.S. military base in 1891, the U.S. Secretary of the Interior reinstated the institution as an Indian boarding school in March of 1892, with the stated purpose of educating and “civilizing” Indians.  The school opened with an enrollment of 51 children, ranging from kindergarten through 6th grade, representing Navajo, Ute, Sioux, and Apache tribes.  Mr. Lewis Morgan of Fort Defiance was transferred by the Bureau of Indian Affairs to Fort Lewis to take charge of the school, using the buildings left by the Army.  Morgan brought several Navajos with him to start the school.  Nearly one hundred (mostly Utes) Indian men, women and children came for the training from Ignacio, the Blue Mountains and Navajo Springs (now Towaoc).  Capacity was met at the turn of the century with 345 students.  The curriculum included general education, as well as industrial training and land cultivation.  It became customary to send the school’s best 3rd to 6th grade students to the Carlisle Institute in Pennsylvania. 

Most of those who were enrolled were in school because they wanted to learn more of the white man’s ways.  They were taught the English language, reading, writing, some arithmetic and a little history.  These subjects ordinarily occupied the first half of the day and during the other half they were engaged in some vocational pursuit which was a very important part of their training.  Several of the men and boys worked on the farm and many of them were quite apt in managing the horse drawn machinery while others proved to be just as accomplished with the livestock and especially with the dairy herd.  Others were engaged in caring for the garden plots; women did the baking and cooking; some men were busy at the blacksmith trade; others were engaged in the shops supplying shoes and clothing, or occupied with building and remodeling the barracks which had been inherited from the soldiers.  There must have been considerable resentment on the part of some of the Indians since they destroyed several barracks by burning them along with most of the houses on “officers’ row” (1).

In the summer of 1894, activity was interrupted by the outbreak of an epidemic, during the course of which some died.  This enraged some already skeptical and superstitious parents who came and took many of the children away by force.  The school had to be abandoned for over a year, during which time vandals looted and stripped of everything of value, even the plumbing fixtures and pipes.  After there was no further danger from the epidemic, the superintendent returned to operate the school again, bringing him several Pimas and Papagos.  Eventually, the school had about 400 pupils with 20 to 30 teachers and expert farmers and dairy men. In the fall of 1895, over 300 Indians, had represented several different tribes, and a few Mexican-Americans reported to the school.  Some were less than 5 years of age and a few were only 3 years old.  Some pupils attended the school for more than 10 years (2).  The area served by Fort Lewis as an Indian School included the states of Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona and possibly Utah.  Of Indian groups that can be documented as having attended Fort Lewis from 1892 to 1910 there were Navajos, Utes (present-day Southern Utes and Ute Mountain Utes) and by accident a few Pimas and Papagos.

Thomas Breen's calling card

Above: Thomas Breen's calling card, circa 1894/1903
Below: Dr. Breen in a buggy, circa 1903.
Accession 2007:073; gift of Helen Ruth Aspaas.
Click on each image for a larger view.

Morgan, the first Superintendent, was replaced by Thomas Breen, who served from 1894 to 1903.  In 1903, William Peterson succeeded Breen -- at the same time that the federal government began to support reservation-based schools.  Enrollment began a steep decline, with only 40 students in 1909 under John Spear.   In 1900, Fort Lewis School employed 28 persons [see the online database of employees at http://swcenter.fortlewis.edu/FLC_Guide/IndSchEmpl.htm], and had a capacity for 300 students.  Of the 412 enrolled, 25 were Ute children, some of whom ran away and 1 of whom died at the school (3).

When schools were established on the Indian reservations, there was no further need for the Indian school at Fort Lewis.  By the Federal Indian Appropriation Bill of April 4, 1910, the U.S. Congress gave the old Fort Lewis site (a reservation of 6,318 acres; approximately 10 sections of land) to the State of Colorado to become part of the land-grant system, with the proviso that a state school be established and maintained on the property and that Indians be admitted tuition free and upon a basis of equality with white students.  Thereafter, the school’s focus changed to that of an agricultural and mechanical trade high school, and eventually the school was placed under the control of the State Board of Agriculture and the State Agricultural College.   was given to the State of Colorado provided  (4).

End notes:

1-   Mary C. Ayres, “History of Fort Lewis, Colorado,” Colorado Magazine, VIII, No. 3, pp. 81-92.

2-   Floyd A. Polluck, “History of Fort Lewis College,” (Ms. in Center of Southwest Studies).

3-   Annual Report of the Department of the Interior. Indian Affairs (1900), pp. 16, 214, 422.

4-   Robert W. Delaney, “Fort Lewis, Then and Now,” Durango Herald, Basin Booster Edition, 1970; Fort Lewis In Toto, Vol. 1, #1 (June 6, 1927).

Sources:

The Annual Reports of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs “School Statistics Accompanying the Annual Report” from the Superintendent of Fort Lewis School, and reports of the Inspector of Indian Schools.]

http://oldfort.fortlewis.edu/indian.htm (website accessed 10/29/04):


College Archivist Todd Ellison, assisted by Melanie Ellison, produced these photocopies using Permalife bond paper at the National Archives in Denver in March of 2003.  The accession number is 2004:03002.  Folder data entry was by archival intern Marilyn Stephanie Zuni in March of 2003.  Todd Ellison arranged and described this collection at that time; he last revised this inventory on 7/21/2006.

Related collection materials at the Center of Southwest Studies (and elsewhere) are:



Series descriptions

Note regarding the organization of this collection:  Materials in this collection are arranged by series.  The series are numbered consecutively.  Because we do not expect to add to this collection, the boxes are num­bered in one single numbering scheme starting with 1.

Folder numbers start with 1 in each box.  Items within each series (e.g., correspon­dence, reports) and within each folder are arranged chronologi­cal­ly, unless noted otherwise.  The series are organized from highest hierarchical level to lowest; from most general to most specific. 

Series

1.     Employee records, 1892-1913.  Copies of pages in two oversize ledger books; overlapping dates.  Photocopied from the National Archives’ original bound ledgers.  Each ledger contains page after page (chronological) of employee details.  Only a portion of either ledger's pages were written on.  Arrangement is chronological.  First two folders in document case 1.  Indexed by the Center of Southwest Studies, July 2005 -- online and in hard copy, and also available from the Center for purchase as a Word document.

2.     Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) Superintendent and S.D. Agent, outgoing correspondence to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1894 April 20 – 1906 February 13. Copies of all (even barely) legible letterpress pages from the National Archives’ three original bound ledgers.  Most of the early pages are not legible and were not photocopied.  Some of the ledgers begin with an alphabetical index of names and subjects.  In August of 1903 the superintendent switched from Thomas Breen to W. M. Peterson.  (This series contains no correspondence of their successor, John S. Spear.)  Arrangement is chronological.  In document cases 1 and 2.

3.     Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) Superintendent and S.D. Agent, outgoing correspondence in general, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 July 1 – 1906 September 5.  Copies of all (even barely) legible letterpress pages from the National Archives’ three original bound ledgers.  Some of the ledgers begin with an alphabetical index of names and subjects.  In March-April of 1906 the superintendent switched from W. M. Peterson  to John S. Spear.  (This series contains no correspondence of their predecessor, Thomas Breen.)  Arrangement is chronological.  In document cases 3 and 4.

4.     Indian school curriculum and teaching methods, et al., printed materials by the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, photocopies of original documents (which are maintained at the National Archives in Lakewood), 1889 – 1928.  Includes records pertaining to the Southern Ute Boarding School (Ignacio, Colo.).  15 folders at the end of document case 4. 

5.   Southern Ute Indian Agency records, 1886-1961 (bulk 1886-1928).  9 folders.

6.   Miscellaneous printed materials


Container list

Box

Fol.

Folder title


Series 1:


Employee records
(click here for an online detailed listing of the employees  -- also available in a hard copy printed format in Box 2, Folder 30)

1

1

Fort Lewis Indian School (Breen, Colo.) record of employees, 1892-1913.  Photocopies of pages 2-34, 36-39.  (103 photocopy pages)

1

2

Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) and Navajo Springs Agency (Colo.) record of employees, 1905-1907.  Photocopies of pages 1-4, 8, and 10.  (23 photocopy pages)


Series 2:


Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) Superintendent and S.D. Agent, outgoing correspondence to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
:

1

3

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent and S.D. Agent, outgoing correspondence of the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.), photocopies of letterpress copies to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1894 April 20 – 1895 April 25.  (pages 11-273, incomplete)

1

4

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent and S.D. Agent, outgoing correspondence of the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.), photocopies of letterpress copies to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1895 May 3 – July 30.  (pages 278-320)

1

5

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1895 August 5 – September 30.  (pages 321-356)

1

6

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1895 October 1 – (November).  (pages 357-388)

1

7

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1895 (November or December) - 1896 March.  (pages 389 –403,432,-439)

1

8

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1896  April – May/June.  (pages 440-468) 

1

9

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1896  June 18 – August 15.  (pages 469-498)

1

10

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1902 December 15 – 1903 January 31 with index pages(6x) and pages 1-25, incomplete.

1

11

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1903 February 4 – March 30. (pages 26-59 incomplete)

1

12

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1903 April 8 – May 29.  (pages 60-83)

1

13

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1903 June.  (pages 84-106)

1

14

Breen, Thomas, Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1903 July 3 – August 15.  (Pages 107-144)

1

15

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1903 Aug. 21 – 1903 Oct. 20.  (pages 4-50 and 5 index pages)

1

16

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1903 Dec. 17 – 1904 Jan 11.  (pages 93-120)

1

17

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 Jan.12 – 29.  (pages 121-148)

1

18

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 Feb. 6 – 27.  (pages 149-170)

1

19

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 March 9 – 31.  (pages 171-198)

1

20

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 April 4 – 26.  (pages 199-221)

1

21

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 May 2 – 25.  (pages 222-258)

1

22

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 June 9 – 27.  (pages 259-281)

1

23

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 July 7 – 12.  Pages 282-306)

1

24

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 July 13 – 29.  (pages 307-341)

2

1

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 Aug. 1 – 30.  (pages 342-368)

2

2

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 Sept. 3 – 27.  (pages 369-344)

2

3

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 Oct. 3 – 31.  (pages 395-431)

2

4

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 Nov. 1 – 28.  (pages 432-453)

2

5

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 Dec. 3 – 28.  (pages 454-487)

2

6

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 January 2  - 9.  (pages 488-497)

2

7

Index to Superintendent W. M. Petersons’s outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs photocopies from the original handwritten index at the start of the letterpress copybook for 1905 January 9 – 1906 Feb. 13.

2

8

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 January 9 – 13.  (pages 1-23) (see alphabetical index in preceding folder)

2

9

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 January 16 – 13.  (pages 24-42)

2

10

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 February 1 – 220.  (pages 43-68)

2

11

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 March 2 – 9.  (pages 69-88)

2

12

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 March 11 – 27.  (pages 89-108)

2

13

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 April 1 – 11.  (pages 109-129)

2

14

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 April 12 – 26.  (pages 130-151)

2

15

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, answering exceptions taken to Peterson’s cash account report for the second quarter of 1905.  photocopy of letter press copies.  1905 April 12.  (pages 152-176)

2

16

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 April 27 – May 17.  (pages 177-192)

2

17

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 May 18 – 23.  (pages 193-219)

2

18

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 May 24 – 31.  (pages 220-233)

2

19

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 June 3 – 22.  (pages 234-250)

2

20

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 July 1 – 20.  (pages 251-269)

2

21

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 July 22 – 28.  (pages 270-288)

2

22

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 August 1 – 23.  (pages 289-312)

2

23

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 September 4 – 25.  (pages 318-350)

2

24

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 October 4 – 31.  (pages 351-388)

2

25

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 November 2 – 18.  (pages 389-46)

2

26

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 November 21 – 30.  (pages  411-428)

2

27

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1905 December 2 – 29.  (pages 429-457)

2

28

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1906 January 1 – February 1.  (pages 458-490)

2

29

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1906 February 2 – 13.  (pages 491-499)

2 30 Fort Lewis Indian School employees, 1892-1913: a descriptive list [to the contents of Box 1, folders 1 and 2]/ prepared by the Center of Southwest Studies, 2005 July.  Note: this list is also on the Web, at http://swcenter.fortlewis.edu/FLC_Guide/IndSchEmpl.htm .


Series 3:


Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) Superintendent and S.D. Agent, outgoing correspondence in general

3

1

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School  (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies, 1904 July 1 – 13  (pages cover & 1-31) (this volume has no index)

3

2

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 July 15 – 29. (pages 32-56)

3

3

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 August 1 – 30.  (pages 57-92)

3

4

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 Sept. 3 – 8  (pages 93-122)

3

5

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 Sept. 10  - 27.  (pages 123-155)

3

6

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 Oct. 3 – 10.  (pages 156-182)

3

7

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 Oct. 17 – 31.  (pages 183-196)

3

8

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 Nov. 1 – 30.  (pages 197-231)

3

9

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 Dec. 3 – 8.  (pages 232,236-245)

3

10

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1904 Dec. 9 – 27.  (pages 246-271)

3

11

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 Jan. 2 – 14.  (pages 272-296)

3

12

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 Jan. 16 – 28.  (pages 297-321)

3

13

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 Feb. 1 – 25.  (pages 322-352)

3

14

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 March 1 – 30.  (pages 353-382)

3

15

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 April 1 – 28.  (pages 383-423)

3

16

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 May 5 – 31.  (pages 424-452)

3

17

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 June 3 – 30.  (pages 453-480)

3

18

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 July 1 – Aug. 1.  (pages 491-500)

3

19

Index to Superintendent W. M. Peterson’s and John S. Spear’s general outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) 1905 August 1 – 1906 October 6.  (24 Pages)

3

20

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 August 2 – Sept. 4.  (pages 3-25) 

3

21

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 September 5 – 18.  (pages 26-50)

3

22

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 September 14- - 26.  (pages 51-73)

3

23

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 October 2 – 31.  (pages 74 –101)

3

24

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 November 2 – 10.  (pages 102-127)

3

25

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 November 18 – 30.  (pages 128-159)

3

26

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1905 December 1 – 30.  (pages 160-180)

4

1

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 January 3 – 31.  (pages 181-216)

4

2

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 February 1 – 27.  (pages 217-242)

4

3

Peterson, W. M., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 March 3 – 31, and February 21.  (pages 243-272)

4

4

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 April 2 – 25.  (pages 273-296)

4

5

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 May 2 – 31.  (pages 297-315)

4

6

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 June 1 – 7.  (pages 316-334)

4

7

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 June 8 – 20.  (pages 335-355)

4

8

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 June 21 – 29.  (pages 356-370)

4

9

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 July 4 – 23.  (pages 377-394)

4

10

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 July 24 – 31.  (pages 395-414)

4

11

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 August 1 – 30.  (pages 415-443)

4

12

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 September 1 – 15.  (pages 444-468)

4

13

Spear, John S., Superintendent, outgoing correspondence from the Fort Lewis School (Breen, Colo.) in general, photocopies of letterpress copies 1906 September 17 – October 8.  (pages 469-499)


Series 4:


Indian school curriculum and teaching methods printed materials:

4

14

Indian school curriculum and teaching methods printed materials by the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, 1889-1906.  (12 pages)

4

15

Pupils at Fort Lewis School, correspondence of the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs,1892-1909.  (28 pages)

4

16

Religious education at Indian schools, correspondence of the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, 1895-1928.  (39 pages)

4

17

Report of returned Indian pupils on Southern Ute Reservation (who are students at the Fort Lewis non-reservation boarding school), reports by Joseph O. Smith, U.S. Indian Agent, 1901.  (2 reports; one dated July 27, 1901, the other is not dated) (3 pages)

4

18

United States Indian schools: location, capacity, enrollment and average attendance during the fiscal year ended June 30, 1911/ compiled by H. B. Peairs, Supervisor in charge of Indian Schools, 1911 Aug. 19.  (12 pages)

4

19

U.S. Indian schools correspondence and printed materials of H. B. Peairs, Supervisor of Schools, Ignacio, Colo., 1912.


Series 5:


Southern Ute Indian Agency records:

4

20

Southern Ute Agency (Ignacio, Colo.) irregular payroll authorizations for Joseph O. Smith, Indian School Superintendent by the Acting Commissioner, Office of Indian Affairs, 1886 – 1904.  (9 pages)

4

21

Consolidated  Ute Agency Indians schools correspondence with the U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, 1902-1926.

4

22

Southern Ute Indian Agency superintendent’s narrative report, 1920.  (13 pages)

4

23

Southern Ute Indian Agency superintendent’s statistical report, 1920.  (60 pages) (and page 10a for 1922)

4

24

Ignacio (Colo.) Field Matron’s monthly reports for 1910 April –July, Sept. –Nov. (14 pages)

4

25

Southern Ute Indian Agency superintendent’s narrative report, 1921.  (10 pages)

4

26

Consolidated Ute Agencies school census of Indian children, 1928 Aug. 8.  (5 pages)

4

27

Descriptive statement of children attending the Southern Ute Boarding School (Ignacio, Colo.) report by C. F. Stollsheimer, 1886 April 1.  (2 pages)

4

28

Southern Ute Agency agents list, from the inventory of records of that Agency, 1877 to 1952, National Archives Record Group 75 in Federal Records Center, Denver, Colo., by Frances L. Swadesh, 1961 March.  (pages 19 and 20)


Series 6:


Miscellaneous printed materials:

4 29 Personal letters of Peterson, W.M 1889 - 1907. Correspondence of a one-time superintendent of the Fort Lewis Indian School, who was the donor's grandfather.
4 30 Thomas Breen, real photo postcard and calling card, circa 1903.  Accession 2007:073; gift of Helen Ruth Aspaas in July, 2007.

The original inventory was prepared by Todd Ellison in the spring of 2004 (last updated June 25, 2013).



Doing your own research:
This description of a portion of the collections at the Fort Lewis College Center of Southwest Studies is provided to inform interested parties about the nature and depth of the repository's collections.  It cannot serve as a substitute for a visit to the repository for those with substantial research interests in the collections.

This collection is located at the Center of Southwest Studies on the campus of Fort Lewis College.  Researchers wanting more information about using this material at the Delaney Southwest Research Library at the Center may email the archivist at archives@fortlewis.edu or click here to use our E-mail Reference Request Form (or phone the archivist at 970/247-7126).  The Center does not have a budget for outgoing long-distance phone calls to answer reference requests, so please email if you wish to receive a response from the Center.  To request reproductions/copies, click here for instructions.


Page last modified: June 25, 2013